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题干A意思为完全忘记了如何去操作平常的一些例

发布时间:2019-12-15 20:11编辑:外语留学浏览(169)

      二〇一八年上3个月全国民代表大会学乌Crane语四六级考试于四月二十三日开展,博客园教育24小时全程关注,为您带给第一手四六级考试资源新闻。以下为斯洛伐克语四级阅读详细明白:

      Section C

      Passage One

      Direction: There are 2 passages in this section。 Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statement。 For each of them there are four choice and our marked A),B),C) and D)。You should decide on the best choice and nark the corresponding letter on Answer sheet2 with a single line through the centre。

      Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

      Passage One

      Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

      Questions 46 to 50 are based on the following passage。

      After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

      Losing your ability to think and remember is pretty scary。 We know the risk of dementia (痴呆) increases with age。 But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。

      The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

      After age 50, it’s quite common to have trouble remembering the names of people, places and thing quickly, says Dr。 Kirk Daffner of Brigham and Woman’s Hospital in Boston。

      Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

      The brain ages just like the rest of the body。 Certain parts shrink, especially areas in the brain that are important to learning, memory and planning。 Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 And blood flow can be reduced as blood vessels narrow。

      When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

      Forgetting the name of an actor in a favorite movie, for example, is nothing to worry about。 But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。

      But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

      When you forget entire experiences, he says, that’s “a red flag that something more serious may be involved。” Forgetting how to operate a familiar object like a microwave oven, or forgetting how to drive to the house of a friend you’ve visited many times before can also be signs of something going wrong。

      And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

      But even then, Daffner says, people shouldn’t panic.There are many things that can cause confusion and memory loss, including health problems like temporary stoppage of breathing, high blood pressure, or depression, as well as medications like antidepressants。 Even over-the-counter remedies like antihistamines can contribute to memory loss。

      “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

      And the best defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认知的) reserve, Daffner says。

      46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

      “Read books, go to movies, take on new hobbies or activities that force one to think in novel ways,” he says。 In other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

      A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

      46。 Why does the author say that one needn’t be concerned about memory slips?

      B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

      A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

      C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

      B) They occur only among certain groups of people。

      D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

      C) Not all of them are related to one’s age。

      47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

      D) They are quite common among fifty-year-olds。

      A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

      47。 What happens as we become aged according to the passage?

      B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

      A) Our interaction skills deteriorate。

      C) Communication within our brain weakens。

      B) Some parts of our brain stop functioning。

      D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

      C) Communication within our brain weakens。

      48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

      D) Our whole brain starts shrinking。

      A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

      48。 Which memory-related symptom should people take seriously?

      B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

      A) Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

      C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

      B) Inability to recall details of one’s life experiences。

      D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

      C) Failure to remember the names of movies or actors。

      49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

      D) Occasionally confusing the addresses of one’s friends。

      A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

      49。 What should people do when signs of serious memory loss show up?

      C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

      A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。 C) Turn to a professional for assistance。

      50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

      C) Stop medications affecting memory。 D) Exercise to improve their well-being。

      A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

      50。 What is Dr Daffner’s advice for combating memory loss?

      B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

      A) Having regular physical and mental checkups。

      C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

      B) Taking medicine that helps boost one’s brain。

      D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

      C) Engaging in known memory repair activities。

      46。 A) Not all of them are symptoms of dementia

      D) Staying active both physically and mentally。

      题干关键词为memory slips,slip意思为小错误,可一定到原作第风流浪漫段第二句和第三句。结合题干和原来的著作可以知道,回忆的小错误不要全都是脑阻塞的病症,而恐怕是出于年纪大。题干中symptoms意为症状和原著中的signs为同样替换。

      46.A Not all of them are symptoms of dementia。

      47.C) Communication within our brain weakens

      剖判:找到关键词 memory slips。对应到小说第风华正茂段But if you have memory slips, you probably needn’t worry。 There are pretty clear differences between signs of dementia and age-related memory loss。结合题干和原作可见,记念的小错误不要全部都以头风病的症状,而大概是出于年纪大。symptoms和signs为相近替换。顾答案接纳A。

      题干意思为随着年纪增大,将会产生什么变动。依照出题顺序,第二段尚未关联变化,第三段第三句有changes,意思为,头脑细胞的转移会影响大脑不一样区域间的联络。此和C选项为同生机勃勃替换,C选项题干意思为大脑内部的关联会削弱。

      47。 C Communication within our brain weakens。

      48。 A)Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines

      解析:根据各类原则对应随笔定位句是Changes in brain cells can affect communication between different regions of the brain。 答案与固定句同义,顾答案C。

      题干意思为哪风流倜傥部分症状应该被认真对照。关键词为symptoms和take seriously。第四段有far more concerning,意为严正关心,可以知道答案在第五段。本段列举了五个例子,三个是忘记了部分平日的东西比如烤箱的操作,四个是忘记了什么驾车去老友家。题干A意思为完全忘记了怎么着去操作日常的片段公事公办。契合例子的性状。由此选A。

      48。 A Totally forgetting how to do one’s daily routines。

      49.A) Check the brain’s cognitive reserve

      解析:题干关键词,memory-related symptom以致take seriously。定位到But if you forget the plot of the movie or don’t remember even seeing it, that’s far more concerning, Daffner says。关键点在far more concerning故答案采用A。

      题干意思为,当严重的记得退化现身的时候,应该做什么?可一定到第6段最后一句“defense against memory …by building up your brain’s cognitive reserve。”符合A选项描述。

      49。 A Check the brain’s cognitive reserve。

      50。 D) Staying active both physically and mentally

      解析:题干关键词为signs of memory loss。定位到尾数第二段率先句话Defense against memory loss is to try to prevent it by building up your brain’s cognitive (认识的) reserve, Daffner says。故答案为A。

      据advice可定位到最终生可畏段。依照最终两句话可见既有头脑的也许有体力的提议。相符D选项的描述。

      50。 D Staying active both physically and mentally。

      来源:新东方

      深入深入分析:题干关键词Dr Daffner’s advice ,memory loss。定位到随笔最终一句。Dr Daffner’s adviceIn other words, keep your brain busy and working。 And also get physically active, because exercise is a known brain booster。

      小编:卢萨卡新东方陈树通先生

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